Explore Luxembourg

Exploring Luxembourg

The City

Luxembourg City (sometimes called the ‘Gibraltar of the North’ thanks to its vast fortifications standing on an enormous rock) is a charming European capital of pleasant squares, stunning views, great museums and centuries old architecture. Its picturesque, maze-like old quarter is on the UNESCO World Heritage List.

It is easy to navigate by foot, and here are some of our ‘must dos and sees’.


This is the lower old town on the banks of the Alzette River and is really a village within a city. As well as being very picturesque, home to Neumünster Abbey, it is also a popular area for nightlife.

Upper Old Town

The place d’armes, place Guillaume II and Grand Ducal Palace

Chemin de la Corniche

A route running along the ramparts looking over the Alzette valley, described as ‘the most beautiful balcony in Europe’ by Batty Weber.

The Bock and Pétrusse casemates

These 23-kilometre long underground tunnels, built in 1644 as part of the city’s defences, are a UNESCO World Heritage site.

The Grand Duke Jean Museum of Modern Art (MUDAM)

Wonderful architecture and everchanging exhibitions.

Further afield

Luxembourg is small and easy to travel by car and bus. There are far too many places of interest to list here, but the highlights include:

Mullerthal valley

This rocky valley sits at the heart of Luxembourg’s ‘Petite Suisse’ and is a must see for all hikers and walkers.

Bourscheid and Vianden Castles

Luxembourg is famed for its many castles, and these two (both of which were greatly admired by Victor Hugo) are particularly fine examples, set in majestic scenery.


As Luxembourg’s oldest town, Echternach has no shortage of stunning historical sights, including city walls dating from the 14th century, a 13th century gothic house, a medieval market square, a Roman Villa, and much more.